Latin: Haematopus bachmani
Audubon is advancing nature-based strategies to help coastline communities weather the impacts of climate change.
Overhead Shot of Aramburu Island
Coastal resiliency is a community’s ability to rebound after an extreme weather event. Resilient, healthy coastal ecosystems serve as the first line of defense for coastal communities facing stronger storms, more frequent flooding, and sea level rise. These resilient coastal ecosystems, in turn, greatly benefit bird communities. Audubon is advancing nature-based strategies to help coastline communities weather the impacts of climate change.
Audubon’s conservation, policy, and science teams prioritize potential restoration sites in and around socially vulnerable communities to protect both birds and people where they are at highest risk from sea level rise.
Aramburu Island is a 17-acre human-made island located in Richardson Bay. The island was created in the 1960s from the dredge spoils from a nearby boating channel. Over many years, the unmanaged island became host to a wide variety of non-native and invasive plants and the banks significantly eroded due to wave action.
In 2007, after the Cosco-Busan oil spill, Audubon California staff observed a large percentage of birds in Richardson Bay were using Aramburu Island as refuge from the toxic waters. This observation led Audubon California to designate Aramburu Island as critical bird habitat and quickly made plans for an enhancement project.
The Enhancement Plan improved aquatic, wetland, and upland habitats for a range of local species, stabilized the rapidly eroding eastern shoreline, and helped the island and surrounding communities adapt to sea level rise. Since the completion of construction in 2012, thousands of native plants have been installed and hundreds of adult and youth volunteers have contributed thousands of hours restoring and maintaining the island. Today, Richardson Bay Audubon Center & Sanctuary staff host restoration workdays where volunteers can actively contribute to this ongoing restoration success.
Sonoma Creek runs from Sonoma County into the San Pablo Bay on the northernmost end of the greater San Francisco Bay.
The California Gold Rush caused a rapid increase in human population across California. During this time, mining and agricultural practices skyrocketed, causing a devastating effect on one of California’s most sensitive ecosystems- coastal wetlands. In the San Francisco Bay Area, Sonoma Creek marsh displays the scars of these practices- poor hydrology that causes stagnant pools and form algal mats, harbor mosquitos, and suppress native vegetation as well as steep levees, which cut off the natural movement of plants, animals, and water.
Audubon California partnered with the Marin-Sonoma Mosquito and Vector Control District and the San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge to restore this wetland to its highest potential. The core of the project involved constructing a network of tidal channels within the marsh to drastically improve tidal exchange, nutrient cycling, and provide habitat to a myriad of marsh-dependent wildlife species. The channels provide spawning and feeding grounds for endangered and commercial fish.
Improving hydrology improved water quality by increasing circulation and drastically reducing the amount of pesticides applied to areas of ponded water that currently facilitate heavy mosquito production. The project also had a vital climate change adaptation component. The construction of a gently-graded high marsh transition zone reduced storm surge flooding of adjacent private lands and provide crucial high tide refuges for rails and small mammals.
In recent years, sea level rise coupled with a growing number of king tide events continues to cause severe flooding, which is also increasing in frequency and intensity along coastal cities. Across the Bay Area this means that highways, streets, and pathways become impassable, cutting off travel and emergency response access. These devastating effects are visible in Marin City.
Marin City is situated between sloping hillsides, Highway 101, and San Francisco Bay. When Highway 101 floods in this low-lying area, access to Marin City is completely shut off, wholly isolating this community. Marin City has a proud heritage as a traditionally African-American ship-building community in World War II. Many of the residents are related to the original workers who made Marin City their home to serve their country. Marin City also has challenges. Residents earn a lower family income, experience higher health disparities, have lower life expectancies and perform lower in school than the County average.
Audubon California is partnering with the Marin City Climate Resilience and Health Justice – a local grassroots - to help fortify the coastal resiliency of this community. With input from community members in Marin City, Audubon California and ShoreUp Marin City are planning to restore a retention pond located between Marin City, Highway 101, and San Francisco Bay. Through the use of natural infrastructure, this project will enhance, facilitate, protect, and restore naturally occurring ecological functions and processes of the pond and surrounding wetland. Not only with this benefit the local plant and animal communities, but this restored pond will also serve as a public park- providing walking trails, informational signage, and bird-watching opportunities.
Audubon is the voice for birds from Town Halls to the U.S. Capitol. We will bring the full power of our expansive network to bear on behalf of the most important policies that will lead to protection for birds, ecosystem restoration and resilience, and healthy coastal habitats.
Oliver Ousterhout, a volunteer at the Richardson Bay Audubon Sanctuary, shot this terrific video of the center's ongoing waterbird survey. It features some of the staff and volunteers that make this important work possible. His personal website is www.oliverousterhout.com. Credit for the eelgrass footage goes to the Estuary and Ocean Science Center.
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